A test cycle for chassis dynamometer emissions testing, developed by ADAC in Germany as part of its EcoTest programme. BAB is short for Bundesautobahn (federal highway) and 130 km/h is the maximum speed. Referred to by Green NCAP as the Highway test or Motorway test.
Battery Electric Vehicle. A vehicle which uses electricity as its only source of energy.
Methane is the main component in natural gas and is a strong contributor to the greenhouse effect.
A mode of driving where a PHEV relies primarily on its battery for power. Charge-depleting mode may not necessarily be a ‘pure electric’ mode as the combustion engine may be used to provide cabin heating or to augment power in high-load situations. Referred to in the result pages of PHEVs as ‘Electric’.
A mode of driving where a PHEV relies primarily on its combustion engine for power and for maintain the state of charge of the battery. Referred to in the result pages of PHEVs as ‘Petrol’.
Carbon Monoxide, a pollutant gas.
Carbon Dioxide, a greenhouse gas.
WLTC+ laboratory test performed on chassis dynamometer at –7°C.
Diesel Particulate Filter, an exhaust after-treatment on diesel vehicles which reduces emissions of particulate matter.
Driving Range is the estimated distance one can drive with the vehicle starting the journey at full energy storage.
Driving Resistance is the sum of forces acting against the motion of a vehicle (drivetrain losses, tyre rolling drag and aerodynamic drag).
Equivalent All-Electric Range. A value calculated from test measurements of CO2, which indicates the distance the vehicle could travel if it relied solely on battery power.
European legislation introduced in 2014 (for new cars, 2015 for all cars) with tighter control on vehicle emissions than previous European standards.
A level of emissions legislation applying the limit values of Euro 6 to cars tested using the NEDC.
A level of emissions legislation applying the limit values of Euro 6 to cars tested using the WLTC and RDE, with tighter control on the NOx allowed during the RDE than used for Euro 6d-Temp.
A level of emissions legislation applying the limit values of Euro 6 to cars tested using the WLTC and RDE.
Gasoline Particulate Filter, an exhaust after-treatment on petrol (gasoline) vehicles which reduces emissions of particulate matter.
Gases which cause the atmosphere to trap heat, causing global warming.
Hydrocarbons, a collective term for a variety of pollutant gases.
Hybrid Electric Vehicle. A vehicle which uses a combination fossil fuels and electric power as its source of energy.
Internal Combustion Engine. An engine which uses fossil fuels (e.g. petrol, diesel, liquid petroleum gas (LPG), compressed natural gas (CNG) etc) as its source of energy.
Mild Hybrid Electric Vehicle. A vehicle which uses an electric motor to provide a small/modest amount of additional power and torque in addition to that provided by an internal combustion engine.
Nitrous Oxide, commonly known as 'laughing gas' is a powerful greenhouse gas which can be found in significant quantities in the exhaust of some motor vehicles.
New European Drive Cycle. The laboratory test cycle used in emissions tests using a chassis dynamometer. This was the drive-cycle used to demonstrate compliance with Euro 6 emissions standards for cars approved to Euro 6b.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen and is formed in the emission control systems of gasoline and diesel vehicles. Ammonia emissions can be a threat to urban air quality.
Nitrogen Dioxide is a gaseous air pollutant composed of nitrogen and oxygen.
A collective term for oxides of nitrogen, specifically NO and NO2.
Portable Emissions Measuring System. Equipment used to measure vehicle emissions while the car is driving. May also be used to refer to a test making use of this equipment.
An enhanced regulatory RDE test procedure used by Green NCAP to test real-world environmental performance.
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle. A hybrid vehicle in which the battery is charged from an outside source and not using its onboard combustion engine to charge the main propulsion battery.
Particulate Mass. The mass of the particulate emitted during the emissions test.
Particulate Number. The number of particles emitted during an emissions test.
Gases and particulate matter which cause harm to health and the environment.
Real Driving Emissions. A regulatory emissions test which is conducted while the car is being driven under real-world conditions (ambient temperature, altitude, slopes).
DPF/GPF Regeneration: the process by which a particulate filter is unblocked using high temperatures to burn away the particulate matter trapped inside.
The ability of the exhaust after treatment system to perform efficiently under a wide variety of operating conditions.
Selective Catalyst Reduction. A technology which injects a reducing agent (typically automotive-grade urea) into the exhaust stream of diesel cars.
Worldwide-harmonised Light-duty-vehicle Test Cycle. A revised regulatory laboratory test cycle used in emissions tests using a chassis dynamometer. This is the drive-cycle used to demonstrate compliance with Euro 6 emissions standards for cars approved to Euro 6d-temp. Green NCAP performs the test several times, under different conditions. In the cold test, the car is started from cold and in the warm test, it is first warmed to its standard operating temperature.
For more details, see Test Procedures
The regulatory WLTC test custom-tailored for Green NCAP assessment.
For more details, see Test Procedures
WLTC+ laboratory test performed with warm engine start on chassis dynamometer at 14°C ambient temperature.